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【讲座通知】劳动与健康经济学工作坊第十五期

2019-10-29  

  题目:How women and men spend their time across the world and how it is changing over time(各国男性与女性的时间利用情况及其演变)

  时间:11月1日(周五)12:30-14:00

  地点:北京大学经济学院305教室

  主讲人:Jacques Charmes (巴黎笛卡尔大学人口与发展中心法国发展研究院名誉研究总监)

  主持人:秦雪征、王耀璟、袁野、赵耀辉、雷晓燕、张丹丹

  

  报告摘要:

  Since the 1960s and especially further to the Beijing Conference on Women in 1995, more and more countries have carried out time-use surveys at national level that allow a better knowledge and understanding of how women and men spend their time throughout the day, the week and the year. Many countries have started to repeat this type of survey so that we can follow changes in time use over the years. Today 79 countries have implemented such surveys (based on diaries or on a complete list of activities) and 44 have repeated their survey at least once. On such bases and using the officially published reports of the countries, it is possible to compare the structure of women’s and men’s time schedules across countries, regions and sub-regions and the distribution of time between paid and unpaid work, between work, learning, leisure and personal care. It is shown that women’s burden of unpaid and total work exceeds men’s everywhere and that changes over time are very slow. Women’s burden of work impacts their time spent in leisure and rest, and explains why time poverty is gender-related.

  

  主讲人简介:

  Jacques Charmes,经济学家和统计学家,目前担任巴黎笛卡尔大学人口与发展中心(CEPED)法国发展研究院(IRD)名誉科研总监。曾任IRD社会科学与健康科学系主任、凡赛尔大学教授与巴黎政治学院教授。主要研究领域是非正式工作、劳动力市场、无薪工作、妇女的经济参与和权力以及时间利用。参与许多关于劳动参与、生活水平、非正式行业和时间利用的调查设计和分析,尤其在非洲、撒哈拉以南和以北地区。参与起草了非正式部门(第15届国际劳工统计学家会议<ICLS>,1993)和非正式就业(第17届ICLS,2003)的国际新定义,以及2013年国际劳工组织(IOL)的年会报告《衡量非正式性:衡量非正式部门和非正式就业统计手册》,以及联合国非洲经委会(UNECA)的非洲性别与发展指数(AGDI)的设计工作。他还参与了首次国际时间使用调查(ICATUS)的筹备工作,并为《2015年人类发展报告》、2018年的国际劳工组织报告《家务劳动和家政工作——实现体面工作的未来》,以及2019年联合国妇女世界调查中有关妇女在发展中作用的调查编写了时间使用调查的全球汇编。最近他发表了个人著作综述:《发展中国家里的韧性:非正式,团结和家政工作》(斯普林格出版社,2019年)。

  

  Jacques CHARMES is an economist and statistician. Currently emeritus research director at the French Scientific Research Institute for Development (IRD), at the Centre for Population and Development (CEPED, University Paris Descartes-IRD), he was previously director of the Department of Social and Health Sciences at IRD, and professor of economics at the University of Versailles and at Sciences Po in Paris. His main fields of research focus on informality, labour markets, unpaid work, women’s economic participation and empowerment, and time use. He has been involved in the design and analysis of many labour force, living standards, informal sector and time-use surveys, especially in Africa, North and South of Sahara. He was involved in the drafting of the new international definition of the informal sector adopted in 1993 (15th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, ICLS), and of informal employment (17th ICLS, 2003), and the 2013 ILO manual on “Measuring Informality: a statistical manual for the measurement of informal sector and informal employment” as well as in the design of the African Gender and Development Index (AGDI) for the UNECA. He was also involved in the preparation of the first trial International Classification of Activities for Time-Use Surveys (ICATUS) and prepared the world compilations of time-use surveys for the 2015 Human Development Report and more recently for the 2018 ILO report on “care work and care jobs for the future of decent jobs” and for the 2019 UN Women’s World Survey on the role of Women in Development. He recently published a synthesis of his works: “Dimensions of resilience in Developing Countries: Informality, Solidarities and Care Work” (Springer 2019).

  

  

  供稿人:王小倩

  


  • 北京大学经济学院

  • 北大经院人

  • 经院校友办